Last time I played with this device, I only uploaded gnuk token software and it was done. This time I wanted to try some developement in Arduino framework.
#daemon configuration telnet_port 4444 gdb_port 3333 source [find interface/stlink-v2.cfg] source [find target/stm32f1x.cfg] # The chip has 64KB sram set WORKAREASIZE 0x10000 gdb_breakpoint_override hard
$ telnet localhost 4444 Trying 127.0.0.1... Connected to localhost. Escape character is '^]'. Open On-Chip Debugger > reset halt target halted due to debug-request, current mode: Thread xPSR: 0x01000000 pc: 0x08002764 msp: 0x20000800 > stm32f1x unlock 0 Device Security Bit Set target halted due to breakpoint, current mode: Thread xPSR: 0x61000000 pc: 0x2000003a msp: 0x20000800 stm32x unlocked. INFO: a reset or power cycle is required for the new settings to take effect. > reset halt target halted due to debug-request, current mode: Thread xPSR: 0x01000000 pc: 0xfffffffe msp: 0xfffffffc > flash banks #0 : stm32f1x.flash (stm32f1x) at 0x08000000, size 0x00010000, buswidth 0, chipwidth 0 > stm32f1x mass_erase 0 stm32x mass erase complete > flash write_bank 0 generic_boot20_pa9.bin 0 target halted due to breakpoint, current mode: Thread xPSR: 0x61000000 pc: 0x2000003a msp: 0xfffffffc wrote 21140 bytes from file generic_boot20_pa9.bin to flash bank 0 at offset 0x00000000 in 0.689790s (29.929 KiB/s) > reset
This was easy. Then I connected to newly appeared serial port and it was showing following message in loop:
Congratulations, you have installed the STM32duino bootloader See https://github.com/rogerclarkmelbourne/STM32duino-bootloader For more information about Arduino on STM32 and http://www.stm32duino.com
So it worked, at least somehow…
Then I wrote a simple LED blink program using PlatformIO and ststm32 module. But when I tried to upload it, it was not working. So I opened an issue here to get some help but none of the advices worked so I tried to debug it myself.
The upload script sends special sequence to tell the bootloader to restart the device. The bootloader pulls USB D+ pin low for some time and then returns it back to USB interface. This should trigger re-enumeration in USB host (PC) and boot into DFU mode. DFU is active for a few seconds after start and then starts our main program. But this was not happening, the device didn’t reboot. I even tried to add 1k5 resistor from USB D+ to VCC but without success.
So I changed the upload script so it shows message and waits for any device in DFU mode (for details see my pull request).
After this, when I saw the message, I unplugged and plugged back in my board, it got detected, firmware was uploaded and program was running. Finally!
To build something useful, I decided to use DHT11 sensor I had on hand. This was only matter of finding the right Arduino library and setting right input pin. You can see the project here:
This is how I connected the sensor:
After a while I’ve got a working thermometer sending data over virtual serial port:
~$ sudo cat /dev/ttyACM0 Humidity: 38.00 % Temperature: 24.00 *C 75.20 *F Heat index: 23.45 *C 74.21 *F Humidity: 38.00 % Temperature: 24.00 *C 75.20 *F Heat index: 23.45 *C 74.21 *F Humidity: 38.00 % Temperature: 24.00 *C 75.20 *F Heat index: 23.45 *C 74.21 *F Humidity: 38.00 % Temperature: 24.00 *C 75.20 *F Heat index: 23.45 *C 74.21 *F
But it was very inaccurate (at least it seemed so). Then I remembered I also got another type of sensor: DS18B20.
Then I looked for an Arduino library again, modified sample code and the result is here:
It looked much better (in terms of precision):
~$ sudo cat /dev/ttyACM0 25.31 25.31 25.31 25.31 25.31 25.25
And it also looks good assembled which is the main reason for preferring this board over some generic STM32 dev board.
I can imagine this board can be used for processing and sending some data to PC where you need exact timing or bit banging with external device. I tested maximum achieved transfer rate and it was about 600kB/s which is not bad.
I have one or two more ideas how to use this board so be prepared for the next blog 🙂